Human Rights Report of Southern Mongolia
On January 7, 2017, four herdsmen in Altanemeel Town, Shine Barga Right Banner, Inner Mongolia, were arrested for forwarding the video of encroaching grassland on Wechat . Six other herdsmen demanded the release of their captured herdsmen before the police station, and were sprayed with poison gas by the police.
On February 7, 2017, nearly 20,000 farmers and herdsmen from Shang du County, Ulannchab City, Inner Mongolia, went to the county government and launched a large-scale demonstration. They protest grass-roots officials embezzling nearly 300 million yuan of grants such as returning farmland to forestry and forbidding grazing. The protestors were outraged, breaking windows and entering government buildings. Others smashed glass doors and asked officials to come out and talk to the petitioners.
Radio Free Asia reporter Qiao Long reports on the website:
NTD China News Channel：
On February 16, 2017, herdsmen in Ganjig Town, Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia, launched the “Release of Arrested Herdsmen” campaign. The reason is that in the autumn of 2016, herdsmen in Ganjig Town clashed with the Han people to protect their pasture. They were beaten by more than 30 Han people, some herdsmen were arrested by the police, and two herdsmen have not been released so far.
On December 12, 2016, Wen Ming, a young Mongolian, was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment for posting online in support of herdsmen’s rights activities. Wen ming’s place of detention and his health are unknown. Family members are unable to visit, which is a very common phenomenon in China.
On March 20, 2017, herdsmen in Heshigten Banner, Ulaan hada City, Inner Mongolia, reflected in Wechat Group that they would go to the government to protest against the looting of pasture.
On March 6, 2017, herdsmen in Baarin Left Banner, Ulaan hada City, Inner Mongolia, firmly protested against the establishment of pig farms in the grasslands and achieved success.
On March 27, 2017, more than 100 herdsmen in the Horchin Right Wing Front Banner, Hinggan League, Inner Mongolia, met in front of the government to submit a letter of intent on “illegally recovering cultivated land for reasonable compensation” to the government, but no one received it.
On March 27, 2017, Togtoh, a herdsman in Wushin Banner of Yih zoo League, Inner Mongolia, under the guidance of the policy of “desert control and greening with corresponding state subsidies” promulgated by Gachaa in 2010, spent 200,000 yuan to control 1,500 mu of desert in three years, thus improving the local ecological environment. In 2012, Gachaa took up the green land for road repair and well drilling, and promised a subsidy of 500,000 yuan. But after the event, the herdsman Togtoh received no compensation. At present, the herdsman lost his grassland and was homeless.
Herdsmen in Ongniud banner, Ulaan hada city, Inner Mongolia launched a protest against a pig farming enterprise on April 2, 2017, and will spread the video about it’s environmental pollution.
On April 10, 2017, 3000 herdsmen from the front banner of the right wing of the Hinggan league in Inner Mongolia gathered in the government to protest against the government’s illegal occupation of land and inadequate compensation. The government ignored the protests against herdsmen and attacked herdsmen and arrested more than 30 people.
On April 10, 2017, Mongolian and Han conflicts occurred in the middle banner of the right wing of Hinggan league in Inner Mongolia. Guojie Company illegally reclaimed grassland, and more than 300 herdsmen rebelled. The government touched more than 200 police protection companies, beat herdsmen, arrested 13 people and detained them for 10 days.
On April 10, 2017, WeChat users forwarded a large number of messages about the abnormal sheep fetus video, which was caused by the pollution of Hoolin gol aluminum factory in Inner Mongolia. On April 8, 2016, more than 300 herdsmen from Hoolin gol protested against environmental pollution by aluminum factories.
On April 11, 2017, hundreds of herdsmen gathered in front of the government gate of the right-wing front banner of Hinggan league in Inner Mongolia, demanding the release of the arrested herdsmen.
On April 13, 2014, herdsmen clashed with tree-planting workers in the horqin left banner of Hinggan league in Inner Mongolia, and some herdsmen were arrested. The ban has led to poor living conditions for herders and protests have continued.
On April 13, 2014, leaflets denouncing the service industry for not using Mongolian language in minority areas were distributed.
On April 14, 2017, herdsmen in Hanggin banner,Ordos city protested against the local government’s construction of the only Mongolian experimental school next to the garbage dump. On March 11, 2017, three students were playing by a river near their school when a landslide killed two students.
On April 21, 2017, Shilin Hot city zhengxiang baiqi herdsman wanted to go to huhhot to meet inspection group personnel, but was stopped on the way, herdsman Chimeg was arrested and repatriated home.
On April 22, 2017, “Southern Mongolian” herdsmen and livestock were looted online. In the video, 20 or 30 civil servants forcibly seized 60 or 70 sheep of herdsmen on the pretext of “banning grazing”. Herdsmen’s cries truly reflected the hard life of people in “southern Mongolia”.
On April 22, 2017, a video, entitled “voice of the heart of the herdsmen,” issued by Yang jin, a key person by the Abaga banner, of the Abaga banner, of Shilin Gol. Combined with the visit of inspection group, Shilin Gol league has expressed its appeal to more than 100 herdsmen in seven banner counties. It mainly reflects the high cost of feeding, difficult life of herdsmen, serious borrowing and environmental damage. The incident was given a serious warning by the local police.
On April 22, 2017, Bayin Delhii, a herdsman in Ordos, called for opposition to the “grazing ban” policy. Bayin Delhii said the policy was a mistake by policymakers and had no scientific basis. The cause of sandstorms is not caused by herdsmen’s animal husbandry, but by people from the mainland who cut down trees and open up land for mining.
On April 24, 2017, 400 herdsmen protested in front of COFOO enterprise in Ongniud banner, Ulaan Hada.They were Shouting slogans such as “oppose environmental pollution” and “give me back my right to exist”. They had been calling on people to supervise the surrounding environment. COFOO is the largest pig company in the mainland, occupying 20000 acre of land. After the local government ignored herdsmen’s opposition to the introduction of the enterprise, the natural environment was seriously polluted.
On April 27,2011,a video showed that Baarin’s left banner had been used as a dumping ground for sick pigs because of the introduction of the ZheJiang pig production enterprise.
Mongolian farmers in Ongniud banner of Ulaan hada city are not compensated for farming their crops according to government instructions on May 6, 2017.
On May 10, 2017, a herdsman Tan hua from Uxin banner of Galuut town in Ordos city since 2003, set up a limited liability company, to repair roads, drilling Wells, govern desert ,
cultivating seedlings and so on. The company failed to get compensation according to law.
On May 10, 2017, Ulji Mideg, a herdsman of Abaga banner of Shilin Gol league issued an appeal for recovering the confiscated grassland according to law.
The herdsmen from Shine Barga left banner of Hulun Boir city protest against the forced trees planting in their pasture by Chinese on May 11, 2017.
On May 14, 2017, it was reported that some herdsmen were arrested for suggesting the establishment of “grassland protection day”.
Yangjin dulam, Dabshiltu and other herdsmen were arrested on May 13, and the protests were interrupted by violence. At that time, they were mainly protesting against the government’s mining operations in Enereltu Gachaa , Sunid left banner of Shilin Gol league .
Preparations for the sixth anniversary of Mergen’s death were also halted on May 10.
On May 16, 2017, the herdsmen from Zarud banner in Tong liao went to the public security bureau to demand the release of the herdsmen arrested in April for protecting grassland.
The herdsmen from Shine barga left banner of Hulun buir city stormed the public security bureau on May 18, 2017, tearing down the railing and recapturing the illegally confiscated livestock.
On May 29, 2017, the herdsmen from Shine barga left banner in Hulun buir city were beaten by Han people and crushed the herdsmen on horseback by cars, which was of a bad nature.
The herdsmen of the right banner of Baarin in Ulaan hada protest against the looting of their meadow by Hanp people on June 8, 2017. Herdsmen were beaten, crushed and seriously injured. Police and government officials did not intervene.
On June 14, 2017, Horlon, 58, a herdswoman from Zarud banner in Tong liao, said that her leadership in Gachaa had rented 2,274 mu of grassland which she had been allotted according to law in 1997 to others frequently, resulting in her living in poverty and failing to protect her rights for many times. He was detained for 15 days and his son was wounded.
On June 18, 2017, the herdsmen of Heshigten banner protested that the fishing right of Duree lake was deprived by a company. The local government cracked down on the protesters and arrested nine herdsmen.
On June 23, 2017, the herdsmen is protesting against the appearance of video on the grassland to disperse cloud vehicles on the wechat.The herdsmen took the method of looting driving -cloud cart and overturning tools. The herdsmen believe that dispersing clouds is the Chinese in order to aggravate the drought, decline in livestock farming, and ultimately for the purpose of occupying the grasslands.
On July 12, 2017, 400 herders of Hanggin Banner in Ordos City held a sit-in in front of the flag government. The Chinese police forced the dissolution of the herdsmen, arrested 3 people and wounded one. From 2007 to 2008, the Hanggin banner government forced the herdsmen to relocate and exploit coal, uranium, thenardite and other resources. They did not honor the commitment of each household to allocate 70 square meters of housing, nor did they issue relevant compensation. The herders had no choice but to go to the government to hold a sit-in protest.
On July 15, 2017, Nairaltu Borjigin, the Ar Horchin banner herder in Ulaanhad, was released. In mid-May 2015, more than 200 herders of the Ar Horchin banner went to the banner government to protest and asked the government to return the pastoralists. On May 31, 2015, the police arrested five herders, including Nairaltu Borjigin for organizing illegal protests. The herders Nairaltu Borjigin and others were detained for 25 months and released on July 15, 2017.
In 1997, the local government seized about 94,000 hectares of pastoralists. After the herders returned to the pastures in 2000, the local government used police to beat herders, fined or slaughtered herders and bullied herders. In addition, in the name of forest protection, large-scale pig raising, polluting pastoral herdsmen.
On July 19, 2017, the Zarud Banner herders in Tong liao petitioned to protest against local officials renting pastoralists to third parties without the consent of herders.
On July 23, 2017, Mongolian media interviewed Yang Jin Dulam, the human rights leader. Since 2012, Yangjin Dulam has participated in the struggle for herders’ rights protection and organized activities to protest against excessive mining and chemical pollution through the WeChat platform. Yangjin Dulam told reporters that China’s human rights situation is very poor. Our Inner Mongolia cannot even mention Mongolia. When we say that Mongolia will become a separatist, the police often arrest, track, monitor and suppress the Mongolians. Nowadays, herders everywhere protest in front of the government and begin to voice their legitimate rights and interests. This is the main result of our struggle. Herders’ pastures were encroached, and 90% of herders carried huge debts. A large number of Han Chinese migrated to Inner Mongolia, over-mining, beating herders and even killing the lives of herders, can be called lawless. The groundwater level drops, and the government often disperses the clouds, causing the grasslands to be dry all year round. The Mongolians used to fear that the flocks were eaten by wolves. Today, the Mongols are afraid that the grasslands will be occupied by the government.
Yangjin Dulam has no human rights at all, and the police often follow her up. During the detention, Sunid Zuoqi banner police did not let her sleep for 24 hours, nor gave dinner. They also said to Yangjin Dulam that, “What are you, you are a disgusting fly, I can pinch you at any time.” But she did not yield. After Yangjin Dulam was released, he released a video saying that regardless of the lives and deaths of the people, wherever there is oppression, there will be resistance, and I will fight bravely. ”
On July 19, 2017, Bao Gu Niang, the leader of the Zarud Banner herders in Tongliao, was arrested on July 26, 2017 after declaring a visit to Huh Hot.
On July 26, 2017, the dubed banner herders of Ulaanchab detained the Han Chinese who dispelled the clouds and released the people after understanding the relevant situation. Later, the banner government arrested herders Tulguuri and MunhJiya for obstructing the dispersal of the clouds. According to herders’ words, local governments often dispel the clouds, leading to perennial drought and deterioration of grassland ecology, which in turn will force herders to abandon nomadic life and force herders to ecologically migrate.
On July 29, 2017, 200 herders from the Durbaid banner of Ulaanchab protested in front of the banner government and demanded the release of Tulguuri and MunhJiya. The local government released Tulguuri and MunhJiya on the evening of the 29th, and the protest actions of the herdsmen reached their goal.
On August 1, 2017, Dubshiltu, a dubed banner herder of Ulaanchab, released a video saying that he was detained by the authorities for 15 days for posting on the WeChat group to protect the rights of herders. The post posted by Dabshiltu reflects the activities of the herdsmen in early 2015 to protest the expansion of the Zhurhe military base by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army to occupy the pastoralists. The military base is the largest military base of the Chinese army, and it is equipped with anti-personnel weapons and equipment, which has aroused the concern of the international community. The Chinese military expanded the Zhurhe military base and invaded the Durbai Banner of Ulaanchab and the Shiliin Gol Sunid Right Banner about 1066 square kilometers of grassland. A total of 708 households and 2,907 people were forced to move into the immigration village.
On August 4, 2017, the Ewenki Autonomous Banner Huiten in Hulunbuir leased the herdsmen’s pastures to the Han people without consulting the herdsmen. After the herdsmen protested, the Han people severely wounded the herdsmen.
On August 5, 2017, Southern Mongolian hero Ha Da’s wife Shine said that her network and WeChat were blocked and helping herders’ work was forced to stagnation. We appeal to everyone to protest together.
Southern Mongolian hero Huuchinhuu died on October 25, 2016, and his son Cheel died in the United States on August 31, 2017. Huuchinhuu has repeatedly applied for a passport for medical treatment abroad, but the Chinese authorities not only refused to handle it, but also banned his son from returning to China to visit relatives. Huuchinhuu was tortured in prison and released home after suffering from cancer, but the authorities deprived of his rights to publish, communicate and access the Internet. He was tortured and died.
On September 11, 2017, an old mother sat in front of the Ongniud banner government and asked the government to release the two sons who were arrested for protecting their homes. More than 20 herders supported the elderly and held a protest march in front of the banner government.
Since 1950, the Ongniud banner government illegally invaded the herdsmen’s pastures about 1958.63 hectares. In 2014, the town government of Hailas illegally sold the herdsmen’s pastures to the COFCO Group without consultation with herders. The government implemented the “Millions of Pig Breeding” project, polluted the air and water resources. The herders were unable to open windows for ventilation throughout the year which seriously affect health.
]On September 12, 2017, the police imposed house arrest on the herdsmen who struggled to protect their homes, such as Almas, Buhe, Tegusmanda, Yilchi, Duurengbilig, Duurengsanaa, Tenuun, etc. Which strengthen the suppression of defending herders.
On November 17, 2017, herdswomen of Horchin Left middle banner of Tong liao held a protest in front of the government of the banner because their grasslands were occupied.
On November 25, 2017, herdsmen from Shine Barga Left banner of Hulunbuir league held a protest in front of the banner government. When herdsmen from Shine Barga were preparing to storm the government building, the government used police to protect local leaders and evacuated.
On December 1, 2017, Tuya, Wang ya, Yu rong and other herdsmen from Zarud banner in Tong liao city went to Huh Hot city for a petition. Tuya had been imprisoned by the authorities for several times for safeguarding her rights. Wang ya’s son died due to the mistake of the Constructor. Wang Ya sued the Constructor, but was detained by the police for 8 months for “endangering national security”. Yu Rong petitioned for the restitution of grasslands after years of fruitless petitions.
On December 3, 2017, the grasslands of Agula and Altanhuar from Hanggin banner in Ordos city, were raided by more than 10 han Chinese, who took away more than 270 livestock.
On December 4, 2017, Dabharbayar, a herder from the Hinggan league, led members of the WeChat group “torch” for a rally in front of the Ogniud banner government in Ulaanhad city to demand the release of Yingge, Man Liang and others who had been jailed for maintaining grassland.
On December 7, 2017, the police of Wu hai city forcibly demolished the livestock sheds of herdsmen in Otog banner of Ordos city. The reason given by the police was that their livestock sheds were on the boundary of Wu hai city.
On December 18, 2017, the communist party of China suspended classes in Mongolian in xinjiang uygur autonomous region. There were more than 200,000 mongolians in xinjiang, who have lived and worked in Mongolian for generations.
On December 25, 2017, about 200-300 herdsmen held a protest rally in front of the government of Darhan Momingan banner in Baotou city, demanding that the government immediately issued two quarters of agricultural and animal husbandry subsidies and demolition funds.
On December 25, 2017, Yanjin dulam, Dabharbayar, Almas and others called on herdsmen to hold a rally in front of the government of Ongniud banner to demand the release of Ying ge, Man liang and other arrested herdsmen. Yanjin dulam, Dabharbayar, Almas and others were stopped by local police and placed under house arrest on their way to the flag government.
On December 27, 2017, the court of Zarud banner in Tong liao city sentenced 35 herdsmen to five years in prison for “assaulting government organs” and “endangering national security”. This is to protect the illegal occupation to herdsmen pasture personnel and the big wrong case that condemns rights protection herdsmen.
This year is the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations. The serious human rights violations committed by the Communist Party of China in Southern Mongolia are as follows:
- The Communist Party of China（CPC）has trampled on and violated the basic rights of the Southern Mongolians, violating Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
- CPC had discriminated against the ethnic, cultural and customs of the Southern Mongolians, and began to stop teaching in Mongolian at the end of 2017, which violated Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Arranging a large number of Han people to migrate to Southern Mongolia, CPC exploited excessively, built large-scale polluting enterprises, set up military bases, built large pig farms in Southern Mongolia, polluted the environment and destroyed grassland ecology. The Han people even deliberately drove into herdsman for murdering people and harming their lives, which violated Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Forcing the Southern Mongolians to go nowhere and becaming a slave laborer without any guarantee, which violates Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Torturing or insulting to the Southern Mongolians, which violates Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- No matter in which county, village, Hohhot, the capital of autonomous region, or even in Beijing, the capital of China, personality can not be fully guaranteed anywhere, which violates Article 6 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The law has become a weapon to punish herdsmen, and corrupt officials are above the law, violating Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The Chinese judiciary does not protect the legal rights of the Southern Mongolians, violating Article 8 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Local officials and police arbitrarily arrest and detain herdsmen who safeguard legal rights, violating Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Non public trial of detainees, prohibiting the detainees from meeting their families and lawyers, forbidding to provide the family members with the situation and the detention place of the detainees, which violates Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Arbitrary detention of innocent persons, which violates Article 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Illegal search of herdsman’s house, installation of monitoring devices, illegal tracking and bullying of family members, which violates Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Invasion of pastures, forcible relocation of herdsmen, forcing herdsmen not to live freely, forbidding herdsmen to go abroad freely, and forbidding herdsmen to return home after going abroad, which violates Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Preventing persecuted persons from seeking refuge in other countries and condemning countries that refuge Chinese persecuted persons, which violates Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Confiscation of citizen passports, and prevent citizens of Southern Mongolia from joining foreign countries, which violates Article 15 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Forcing ethnic minorities to marry with Han people, which violates Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Deprivation of pasture and livestock ownership of herdsmen, Failure to grant timely, fully or non-grant herdsman’s allowances, which violates Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Deprivation of people’s ideological, cultural and religious rights and to trample on their dignity, which violates Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Intervention of people’s Internet Freedom, Freedom of Assembly and Freedom of Speech, which violates Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Deprivation of the people’s freedom of peaceful assembly and association, which violates Article 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The Aborigines have no right to participate in elections and state affairs, and the Party and the government cannot represent and embody the will of all the people, which violates Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The level of social security is low and humanistic care is poor, which violates Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Implementing the policy of forbidding grazing has led to difficulties in employment and livelihood of herdsmen, and sustained growth in unemployment, which violates Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Increasing poverty rates and leading to difficulties in people’s lives, which violates Article 24 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The poor minimum standard of living causes various diseases, which violates Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Deprivation of the right to accept mother tongue education, which violates Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Prohibiting nomadism and restricting the development of national culture, art and Literature, which violates Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Not respecting social order, international order and human rights, which violates Article 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Citizens required to fulfil their social obligations and not to resist the repression of the government, which violates Article 29 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Abuse of Human Rights Values to Clean up Government Misconduct, which violates Article 30 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Herdsmen and people in Southern Mongolia have been fighting bravely since Mergen, the grassland hero, who was murdered for defending his homeland in 2011, the struggle of herdsmen has entered a new radical stage. Hundreds of people were arrested for more than 400 forms of struggle, including demonstrations, sit-ins, petitions, leaflets, road closures and attacks on government buildings.
Yangjin dulam, Dabharbayar, Han Shine, Hada, Almas and others have been still fighting for justice. On December 25, 2017, local police used tanks to suppress the herdsmen’s protest after the herdsmen held a protest in Onniut banner. Since then, the government has further intensified its crackdown on herdsmen.
Ms. Bao Gu niang, Hai wang min, Ying ge, Man liang, Urgamal and others were arrested without release. On December 17, 2017, the court of Zarud banner of Tongliao city sentenced 35 herdsmen to five years in prison for “endangering national security” and “attacking government organs”.
In Southern Mongolia, the law only punishes anti-corruption herdsmen, but not corrupt officials who harm herdsmen’s interests. According to the questionnaire survey of herdsmen conducted by the Southern Mongolian Congress, corrupt officials were never severely punished in the laws of Southern Mongolia, only those who harm the interests of han people are called crimes, while those who harm the interests of mongolians are not called crimes. Anti-corruption actions in Southern Mongolia have become the actions of the government to protect corrupt officials.
Colonial rule refers to the policy of a great power to turn a small and weak country into a colony or semi-colony through political interference, economic exploitation and military aggression. The means of colonial rule were usually violence, terror, bloody repression, etc. The communist party is colonizing Southern Mongolia. The communist party is carrying out a policy of genocide in Southern Mongolia. Since 1948, United Nations has defined “genocide” as an international crime.
From 1966 to 1976, the Communist Party of China launched the “cultural revolution” movement under the name of “digging the Southern Mongolian party” and carried out the genocide against the Southern Mongolian people. About 27,900 mongolians had died during the cultural revolution according to Chinese official statistics. But scholars believe half a million mongolians had been arrested and more than 100,000 had died. In 2017, the Southern Mongolia Congress launched the “cultural revolution massacre of southern Mongolia” application for the world heritage site.
Unfortunately, Southern Mongolia is now experiencing the Cultural Revolution again. It has been 70 years since UN adopted the universal declaration of human rights. However, China has never respected human rights nor implemented the provisions of the universal declaration of human rights. The status of Southern Mongolia, one of the world’s largest conlonized country, is a prime example.
Southern Mongolian Congress
April 26th ,2018